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EYE ADVICE: Professional Papers



-  Barany EH (1966) The mode of action of miotics on outflow resistance. A study of pilocarpine in the vervet monkey Cercopithecus Ethiops.  Trans Ophthal Soc UK 86: 539-578.

-  Brzezinski MA (1982) Review: astigmatic accommodation (sectional accommodation) -a form of dynamic astigmatism. Aust J Optum 65 (1): 5-11.

-  Duke-Elder S (1970) System of Ophthalmology Vol (V) Ophthalmic Optics and Refraction. Pp 277. London Hatton Press.

-  Fletcher RJ (1951) Astigmatic accommodation. Brit J Physiol Opt 8 (2): 73-94.

-  Grossman K (1904) Further investigations on accommodation. Ophth Review 23:1 347.

-  Hallden U Henriesson M (1974) Astigmatism of the lens by asymmetric contraction of the ciliary muscle. Acta Ophthal 52: 242-245.

-  Hayashi K Hayashi H Hayashi F (1995) Topographic analysis of the changes of corneal shape due to ageing. Cornea 14 (5): 527-532.

-  Henson V Volckers C (1873) Ueber die Accommodations bewegung der Choroidea in Auge des Menschen des Affen und der Katze. Arch Ophthal 19 159.

-  Irving EL Callender MG Sivak JG (1995) Inducing ametropias in hatchling chicks by defocus - aperture effects and cylindrical lenses vision Res 35 (9): 1165-1174.

-  Loshin DS Browning RA (1983) Contrast sensitivity in albinotic patients. Am J Optom Physiol Opt 60: 158-66.

-  Lyle WM (1971) Changes in corneal astigmatism with age. Am. J Optom Arch Am Acad Optom 48 (6): 467-78.

-  Morgan MW Jr (1944) The nervous control of accommodation. Am J Optom Arch Am Acad Optom 21 (3): 87-93.

-  Morgan MW Jr, Mohney J, Olmstead JMD (1943) Astigmatic accommodation. Arch Opthal 30 (2): 247.

-  Nathan J Kiely PM Crewther S Crewther D (1985) Astigmatism occurring in association with pediatric eye disease. Am J Optom Arch Am Acad Optom 63 (7): 497-504.

-  Olmstead JMD & Morgan MW Jr. (1941) The influence of the cervical sympathetic nerve on the lens of the eye. Am J Physiol 133: 720-723.

-  Saunders H (1988) Changes in the axis of astigmatism: a longitudinal study. Ophthal Physiol Opt 8:37-42.

-  Straatsma BR Landers MB Kreiger AE (1968) The ora sarrata in the adult human eye Arch Ophthalmol 80 : 3.

-  Thorn F Held R Fang LL (1987) Orthogonal astigmatic axes in Chinese and Caucasian infants. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 28 : 191-194.

-  Tripathi RC Tripathi BJ (1982) Functional Anatomy of the Anterior Chamber Angle. In      Jacobiec Ocular Anatomy Embryology and Teratology. Harper & Row Philadelphia. p.p. 197-284

-  Vihlen FS Wilson G (1983) The relation between eyelid tension corneal toricity and age. Invest                       

Ophthalmol Vis Sci 24 : 1367.

-  Wolf E (1976) Anatomy of the Eye and Orbit H. K. Lewis & Co. London.

-  Woodruff ME (1971) Cross sectional studies of corneal and astigmatic characteristics of children between the twenty-fourth and seventy-second months of life. Am J Optom Arch Am Acad Optom 48 : 650-659.

-Yamanaka T (1961) Correlation between tonus of ciliary muscle and astigmatism of cornea Acta Soc Ophthal Jap 65 396-408.






Paper 1 - Meridional (Astigmatic) Accommodation  Abstract

Physiology of Meridional Accommodation (A) Ciliary Muscle Action and Innervations
(B) Corneal Changes due to Ciliary Muscle Action
(C) Theory of Initiation of Meridional Accommodation

Clinical Implications of Meridional Accommodation


(A) Astigmatic Changes Related to WTR Corneal Toricity (i) Latent Astigmatism
(ii) Primary Accommodative Astigmatism (PAA)       (B) Reflex or 2°PMA and Induced ATR Astigmatic Changes
(C) Eye Preference and Meridional Accommodation (i) 1° PMA and Eye Preference
(ii) 2° PMA and Eye Preference (D) Proactive Prescribing for Presbyopia (i) Phakic Presbyopes
(ii) Pseudophakes and ATR Corneal Changes (E) Refractive Techniques and MA (i) Balancing Meridional Accommodation
(ii) Binocular Test of Cylinder Power (F) Further Clinical Subject Areas and Meridional Accommodation (i) Preventing Induced Oblique Astigmatism in Children
(ii) Low Vision
(iii) Keratoconus
(iv) Hard Contact Lenses
(v) PRK and PARK (Photorefractive Astigmatic Keratectomy)



Paper 2 - Common Chronic (Infective) Conjunctivitis and Nasal Rinsing

Paper 3 - Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

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