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EYE ADVICE Optometry Clinics


What Does an Eye Examination Involve?

The assistant usually measures the curvature of the cornea ("window"of the eye) with an automated machine (auto-keratometer). The optometrist first tests the patient's vision at both distance and near. This is usually followed by a test of muscle balance to detect any tendency of the eyes to turn. While having the patient see through 'fogged' lenses, the optometrist then estimates the refractive state of the eyes (for distance) using a retinoscope. Then follows the "subjective refraction" i.e. the tedious verification of the estimate obtained above by asking the patient which of two ways the vision is better.

The focusing power of the eyes is then measured and the prescription for near glasses is found. This often involves a further subjective refraction at the near distance, as we believe that the astigmatism at near can be different from that measured in the distance.

A "slit-lamp" microscope is often used to assess the conjunctival membrane (on the white of the eye) and also to assess the cornea and the lens within the eye. Following this, the pressures in the eyes are measured by first instilling anaesthetic drops and then using a tonometer.

Dilating Drops

In patients over 40 years of age, drops are used to dilate the pupils of the eyes. The action of these drops usually lasts for 3-4 hours. During this time, patients are more sensitive to daylight and some experience mild blurring of their vision. For this reason, it would be preferable if people over forty years could be accompanied by another person if they are coming by car. It would be useful to bring along sunglasses also, to reduce glare in daylight.





Our Aims and Philosophy

EYE ADVICE Clinics in Oakleigh and South Yarra

Oakleigh Clinic Directions
South Yarra Clinic Directions


Kon Zagoritis BScOptom FVCO

Why Have Regular Eye Examinations?

(1) To Detect Eye Problems.
(2) To Detect Possible Systemic Problems.
(3) To Follow Up Any Progressive Conditions.

What Does an Eye Examination Involve?

Dilating Drops

Preparing for an Eye Examination


Eye Injuries

Medicare Cards

Avoiding Much Close Work Before Examination

Ordering Glasses

Our Range of Services

Clinical Services

Special Interest Subjects

Public Education Services

Commonly Used Spectacle Lenses

(A) Presbyopia

(1) Single Vision Lenses for Near Work

(2) Extended Focus lenses for Near Work

(3) Bifocal Lenses

(4) Multifocal or Progressive Powered Lenses

(B) Myopia (Short-Sightedness)

(C) Long-Sightedness

The Various Forms of Sun Protection

Variety and Quality in Spectacle Frames

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