Why Have Regular Eye
To Detect Eye Problems
Whilst older children and adults usually
become conscious of a possible vision problem,
there are certain conditions which develop
insidiously and can only be detected in their
early stages when an eye examination is performed.
An example of this in the younger population
is the onset of myopia. An eye examination will
disclose if the eyes are on the brink of becoming
slightly short-sighted. With proper advice and
weak 'relaxing' glasses, this condition may be
In the older population (over 50 years of age),
probably the most important insidious condition
is glaucoma. This sight-threatening condition is
often caused by raised pressure in the eyes, and
unfortunately does not usually give rise
to any symptoms such as pain etc. It is only
through regular eye examinations that glaucoma
can be detected at its early stages, thus
avoiding unnecessary blindness.
Needless to say, infants and toddlers are
unlikely to complain of a vision problem.
Provided there are no signs of eye problems
requiring earlier attention, examinations should
be performed firstly at the ages of six months of
age to twelve months and again prior to
To Detect Possible Systemic Problems
Some general health conditions can be
suspected by examining the eyes of young children.
A common example is lack of iron. However, it is
in the older population that we often detect
systemic (general health) problems by examining,
in particular, the retina at the back of the eye.
For example, diabetes, high blood pressure and
even high cholesterol levels can produce
characteristic changes in the retina.
To Follow Up Any Progressive Conditions
Whilst a general eye examination to reveal any
eye or systemic disease in a healthy individual,
as described above, is recommended on a 2-3
yearly basis, some people need to be reviewed on
a more regular basis. People who have been told
they have raised eye pressures or glaucoma, and
people who have had diabetes for more than 3- 4
years and show signs of retinopathy (changes in
the retina), should endeavour to have 6 monthly
to yearly examinations, depending on the severity
of their condition.
It must be remembered that these conditions
can seriously affect vision. Many people, who
have lost their sight due to one of these
conditions, may well have been able to maintain
their sight if only they had undergone regular
Even if you may not require glasses, or can
still see well with your current ones, or are
using ready-made glasses, you should still have
regular eye examinations. All eye examinations at
this clinic are bulk-billed; all that is required
is to put aside some time.